Planetary imaging with atmospheric dispersion corrector

A quick run with atmospheric dispersion corrector and Meade TeleXtenders on Saturn. The corrector allowed to get superb luminance images and true LRGB images.

You can read about atmospheric diffraction on various websites like: astrosurf, farhorizons or paquettefamily. Diffracted rays of different wavelengths can spoil planetary images shot at very high resolution. Right now for northern hemisphere Saturn is the planet that is low over the horizon and will be even lower every opposition for a couple of years. This is how atmospheric dispersion will affect Saturn images:
dyspersja_atmosferyczna

To correct this effect we can use atmospheric dispersion correctors (ADC for short). I've got one from astro-electronic.de. It's almost like a Barlow. It has two levers that need to be set to correct value of correction (equal values for both levers, but opposite directions). When that is set the spectrum will be corrected for dispersion and even super-clean and sharp luminance recording will be doable.

atmospheric dispersion corrector ADC

As this device like big f-ratios >> f/10 it has to go between a Barlow and the camera/eyepiece. As I have f/10 C11 I've decided to use Meade TeleXtenders - 2x and 3x. They are 4-element telecentric design (like Powermates) that keep the magnification stable even with extension caused by the ADC.

meade telextender

Images take with those TeleXtenders in the imaging setup confirmed that they do work as designed. 2x adn 3x work nicely with Basler Ace. Quick Moon test with DSI III Pro (no ADC) revealed however that the 3x give a strange reflection (plausibly a back-flash from the metal nose back on IR reflective filter and from filter onto the camera - will have to check that).

As for the ADC some set the correction level using two-band filters (UHC-S or IR-leaking UV filters). In my case visually with UHC-S I've seen reddish edge on Saturn and I could set the levers untill it disappears. With the Basler camera looking at the image from L filter (IR/UV cut) was better. The Cassini division and overall sharpness is was a good reference on how the image is corrected. In visual and imaging setup routine setting the levers to second mark was the best setting. With 0 or 3 marks the image did look bit more fuzzy (noticeable for me). So my setup is: Basler Ace, ADC, TeleXtender, filter wheel, motocryford, C11

ADC imaging setup
With the ADC in line I was able to use the L filter to catch very sharp (and bright) luminance images. Beeing bright the L filter allows to capture frames at much lower gain. This results in much better stack and nearly not grainy noise after sharpening. Also blue channel got bit sharper (but still dark). Below you can see few of my images (RGB vs LRGB) taken with ADC on 11 of May and a luminance image taken at 9 of May:
RGB Saturn with ADC LRGB Saturn with ADC Luminance shot with ADC
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